Feed on

“No God but the LORD” (Exodus 20:1–3)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, March 18, 2018

1 And God spoke all these words: 2 "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. 3 "You shall have no other gods before me. (Exodus 20:1-3, NIV)

1. The LORD speaks with authority (v. 1).

2. The LORD redeems his people (v. 2).

3. The LORD is worthy of exclusive worship (v. 3).


“All Things for Good” (Romans 8:28)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, March 18, 2018

And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose. (Romans 8:28, NIV)

1. Who is this promise for?

a. There is a limitation in this passage, not generally applicable to everyone.
b. This promise is spoken:

i. To those who love God.
ii. To those who are called according to God’s purpose.

1. Called
2. God’s Purpose

11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad-- in order that God's purpose in election might stand: 12 not by works but by him who calls-- she was told, "The older will serve the younger." (Romans 9:11-12, NIV)

In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will, (Ephesians 1:11, NIV)

10 His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, 11according to his eternal purpose that he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord. (Ephesians 3:10-11, NIV)

He has saved us and called us to a holy life-- not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time, (2 Timothy 1:9, NIV)

a. Originates with him – his own purpose
b. Eternal, unchangeable
c. Predestined, settled
d. All-encompassing, universal
e. Operates by grace not works/merit
f. Works in concert with election/selection
g. Issues in a gracious, effectual calling

2. What does this promise say?

a. Various translations

i. All things work together for good
ii. God works all things together for good
iii. In all things God works for the good

b. “All things”
c. “Work together”
d. “For good”

3. Do you believe this promise?

a. “We know that…”

4. How should you respond to this promise?

a. Love God.
b. Trust God.


Know Why You Believe
By K. Scott Oliphint

“Why Believe in Life after Death?” – Chapter 7

Chapter Overview

  • Introduction
  • Reasons
    • Problems with Persons
    • Problems with Proofs
    • Christianity and Life
  • Responses
  • Questions


  • An overwhelming majority of people believe in an afterlife.
    • 75% believed in life after death.
    • 82% believed they would go to heaven.
  • But why? Why do most people believe in life after death?
  • Many believe in an afterlife but without sufficient reasons for doing so.
  • “Heavenly Tourism” books are popular because people are looking for evidence.


  • A minority (avowed atheists) will prefer to argue that death is the end of everything.
  • The majority who believe in the afterlife never sufficiently ask the “why” question.
  • Some have tried to scientifically prove the existence of the afterlife, but these generally come from “near-death” experiences.
  • But “nearly dead” is not the same thing as “dead.” So, these are not sufficient proof.
  • There are two dominant traditions that explain the prevalence of belief in an afterlife in Western culture:
    • Christianity and its remnant ideas
    • Greek philosophy (Plato)
      • The dominant tradition in Greek philosophy believed in the immortality of the soul.
      • Greek philosophy popularized the concept of a “soul.”

Problems with Persons

  • Greek philosophy took for granted that there was some kind of “animating” or life-giving aspect to human beings.
    • Plato thought this “soul” was immortal.
    • Souls preexisted their bodies and existed after they died.
    • This idea of an immortal soul that continues after we die is still the majority opinion in Western culture.
  • Most of us recognize that there is more to us and our existence than just our physical bodies and our physical appearance.
  • Because of Greek influence, most philosophers throughout time have believed in a duality of body and soul.
  • The problem is that this concept is virtually impossible to prove philosophically or scientifically.
    • Philosophy can’t account for “consciousness.”
  • What makes us the same person even while our physical bodies grow and change, sometimes drastically?
    • Most of our bodily cells completely replace themselves every 7-10 years.
    • Do our memories make us a person?
      • What happens if we lose our memories?
      • How many retained memories constitute a “person”?
    • Does “continuity of consciousness” make us a person?
      • What about sleep and those in a coma?
  • Even though we don’t have conclusive answers to these questions, we assume that we are the same persons that we were decades ago. We have not become different persons over time.
  • We seem to inherently believe in the idea of “personhood” or “consciousness” that is separate from mere biology.
  • What is significant is that there is a wildly popular belief in the reality of life after death without adequate or successful reason for that belief.

Problems with Proofs

  • Some Christians have attempted philosophical or scientific proofs, but without much success.
  • Bishop Joseph Butler (1692-1752) attempted to refute deists by affirming belief in the supernatural and life beyond death.
  • Butler argued that we all use reason and perception, even over various changes in time, even if we don’t know where they come from or how they are put into practice by us.
  • In other words, since we use our reason and our senses even though we have no idea of their source, can’t we also recognize that there is a high probability that they will continue after our physical existence ceases?
  • Problems with this type of “proof”:
    • Butler never really advanced much beyond the typical philosophical argument for the reality of life after death. Like philosophy, there were things he couldn’t sufficiently account for.
    • The foundation of his argument was in what we do not know and then moves to some kind of probability.
    • These “proofs” still only leave us with “probability.” This is not sufficient warrant to believe in life after death.
    • How can it be “probable” that our consciousness and our ability to reason and perceive will continue after death if we don’t even know for sure where they come from or how they function in this life?
  • We need more solid reasons for believing in the afterlife than philosophy can give us.
  • The Christian faith and the biblical story provide a coherent explanation for “personhood” as well as the reality of life after death.

Christianity and Life

  • Only the Christian position is able to give a full account of what it means to be a person and of what life as a person means.
  • Humanism (and pure naturalistic atheism) is incapable of providing meaning and dignity to human personhood.
    • For the naturalist, the human body is just a collection of physical materials that will one day decompose and be no different than a trash heap.
    • And yet the “Humanist Manifesto II” declares: “The preciousness and dignity of the individual person is a central humanist value.”
    • But how is our life precious if it is just a collection of cells and physical materials that arrived completely by accident?
    • The humanistic position on human personhood is inherently contradictory.
    • “Preciousness” and “dignity” are terms that point beyond the material and the accidental.
  • There is only one way to ascribe dignity to human persons: They have to be more than their simple physical existence.
  • The Christian message provides a more coherent framework for understanding personhood.
  • Human beings were made from the dust of the ground as were the animals, but then a significant difference took place:
    • God breathed the breath of life into mankind and the human being became a living person or living soul (Gen. 2:7).
    • God made human beings in his image and likeness.
      • Dignity of Being
        • Self-consciousness
        • Reason
        • Language and Communication
        • Morality – sense of right and wrong
        • An immortal “breath of life”
      • Dignity of Function
        • Dominion over creation
        • Responsibility to care for creation
        • Special relationship with God
  • The original command of God to Adam and Eve points in the direction of permanent life:
    • If they had never disobeyed, they would have lived forever.
    • There would be no life “after death,” because there would be no death.
  • Adam’s disobedience brought death, which was “unnatural.” It was part of the curse.
  • Death is not the end of the story.
  • God provides a way for fellowship with him to continue.
    • Promise of a “seed” to come.
    • Clothed with animal skins from sacrifice.
  • We see pointers throughout the Bible of life beyond death:
    • Enoch “walked with God” and “was not” for “God took him.” (Gen. 5:24)
    • God is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – not the God of the dead but the living.
    • Jesus speaks of a divide separating those who die in Christ and those who do not.
      • The rich man and Lazarus
      • They both continued to exist in consciousness after death, but with two radically different destinies.
    • For those who die in Christ, existence continues in him and with God.
    • For those who die in their sins, existence continues, but it consists of nothing but eternal torment (Luke 13:28-30).
    • The “image of God” in Scripture includes an inbreathed life, an inbreathed character, that is distinct from everything else in creation.
      • It implies a relationship with God for eternity that ends either in eternal fellowship with him or in eternal torment under his wrath.
      • In either case, human beings continue to exist beyond death.
  • The troubling thing about the poll of people who believed in the afterlife is that 82% of them believed they were going to heaven.
    • This demonstrates a great lack of understanding about salvation.
    • On what basis do they believe that they will go to heaven?
      • Probably on the same unsure foundation as their belief in the afterlife in general.
      • They are holding on to some basic remnants of Christianity without the true biblical substance.
  • Some clarifications:
    • When we die, it is not just a “soul” (a thing) that goes to heaven (Greek philosophy).
    • The Bible speaks of “us” personally going to be with the Lord.
    • Our separation from our bodies when we die is an abnormal separation.
      • For the Christian, to be “with Christ” after death is to be absent from the body.
      • But there will be a time, at the end of time, when we will receive resurrected bodies.
  • The time between our death and the end of time is commonly called the “intermediate state.”
    • This means that even though we live “with Christ” after we die, we have not yet become what we will be for eternity.
    • In Scripture, our final destination is not heaven.
    • The place where Christians will reside for eternity is called “a new heaven and a new earth.” It will be a real physical place, and we will have real bodies (imperishable).
    • While Christians live eternally in a new heaven and new earth, those who die in rebellion against God will experience eternal death.
      • It is called the “second death.”
      • The second death is not an end, but an eternal existence. It is the final and eternal punishment for sin.
  • Existence after death is a fact of life. A majority of people believe it. The only real reason to believe it, however, is given to us in the Christian faith.


  • The primary objection to the idea of life after death is that there is no real evidence for it.
    • Neither philosophy nor science can provide an adequate explanation or proof.
  • There is, however, evidence for life after death.
    • The Bible records real historical events.
    • Biblical events did not take place in a hidden corner.
    • The Bible records numerous facts about life after death, including testimonies from some who actually saw those alive who had previously died (Mark 9:2-8).
  • It is our status as “image of God” that alone can support our belief that there is more to us than our physical bodies, and that we, as persons, will exist for eternity.
    • But because the “image of God” is defaced by the effects of sin, our existence can be restored to true life again only if we are, by faith, in Christ.


  • What evidence is there that people are more than simply material bodies?
  • Why is it important for us to receive new spiritual bodies in the end?
  • Why do most people believe that they will spend life after death in heaven?

“The Lord of the Mountain” (Exodus 19:16–25)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, March 11, 2018

Exodus 19:16–25 (NIV)

16 On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18 Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the Lord descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled violently. 19 As the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and the voice of God answered him.

20 The Lord descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up 21 and the Lord said to him, “Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the Lord and many of them perish. 22 Even the priests, who approach the Lord, must consecrate themselves, or the Lord will break out against them.”

23 Moses said to the Lord, “The people cannot come up Mount Sinai, because you yourself warned us, ‘Put limits around the mountain and set it apart as holy.’ ”

24 The Lord replied, “Go down and bring Aaron up with you. But the priests and the people must not force their way through to come up to the Lord, or he will break out against them.”

25 So Moses went down to the people and told them.

1. The Lord manifests his holy presence in power (16–19).

a. The Lord’s presence comes on the third day in accordance with his word.
b. The Lord’s presence is marked by displays of power and authority from his created world
c. The Lord’s presence is met with appropriate fear and awe.

2. The holy Lord must descend (condescend) to meet with his people (19b–20).

a. The Lord condescends to listen to the voice of a man and respond (19b).
b. The Lord descends on the mountain to meet with a man (20).

3. The Lord delays the giving of the covenant in order to further instruct his people to honor his holy presence (21–25).

a. The Lord delays the giving of the covenant to reinforce his holiness (21).
b. The Lord: Warn the people again (21–22).
c. Moses: The people have already been told (23).
d. The Lord: Tell them again and bring Aaron with you next time (24).
e. Moses: He goes down to get Aaron and warn the people and priests again (25).

Main Idea: The Lord is so holy that his creation cannot help but respond to his presence, and his people must be ever mindful of the perfect holiness of their God and not presume to think that they are worthy in and of themselves to approach his holy presence.


“The Holy Spirit, Our Helper” (Romans 8:26–27)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, March 11, 2018

Romans 8:26–27 (NIV)
26 In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us through wordless groans. 27 And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for God’s people in accordance with the will of God.

1. The Holy Spirit helps us when we are weak (26).

2. The Holy Spirit intercedes for us when we don’t know what we should pray for (26).

3. The Holy Spirit prays for us in accordance with God’s will (27).

Several applications:
1. We are not alone in our times of weakness and suffering. God is not only all around us and ever-present, but in a very special sense, God is within us through his Holy Spirit.

2. We have an advocate in prayer, who intercedes for us and prays for us. But the implication is that to fully avail ourselves of this precious ministry of the Spirit, we must pray.

3. We don’t have to be overly anxious about whether we are asking God the right thing or are praying the right words to God. The Spirit is praying for us. He is praying for us in line with the will of God.

4. This ministry of the Holy Spirit is a further ground of our assurance that we are children of God. Just as the Spirit bears witness with our spirit that we are God’s children, so too his inner intercessory ministry is a gift given only to those who are God’s in Christ.

Main Idea: God has not left us alone. He has given us his indwelling Spirit to help us and to pray for us in our sufferings, weaknesses, and limitations.


Know Why You Believe
By K. Scott Oliphint

“Why Believe in Salvation?” – Chapter 6

Chapter Overview

  • Reasons
    • The God Who Saves
    • The “People” Problem
    • The Divine Design
    • Divine Determination
  • Response
  • Conclusion
  • Questions


The God Who Saves

  • Who is the God who saves?
    • Triune God: Father, Son, and Spirit
    • No salvation without the harmonious but distinct operations of the triune God.
      • The Father sends the Son.
      • The Son comes as a man to suffer, die, rise, and ascend.
      • The Spirit glorifies the Son and applies the redemption accomplished by the Son.

The “People” Problem

  • The Human Condition
    • Must be understood through the lens of God and his Word.
    • Made by God in his image.
      • Given responsibility over creation.
      • Given moral commands to be obeyed.
      • Original human parents rebelled.
      • Adam, our representative, plunged all of humanity into the universal condition of sin.
    • All of humanity is now in this fallen sinful condition and liable to the judgment of God.
    • Death is the penalty for sin against God.
    • Now, “There is no one righteous; there is no one who seeks God; there is no one who does good.”
    • All of humanity is guilty of sin and condemned to death and all of creation suffers under the weight of the curse.
    • We cannot measure up to God’s standard.
  • The Need for Deliverance
    • It is essential to understand that sin and death is the universal condition of humanity in order to understand salvation.
    • “Salvation” means there must be deliverance from something.
    • Divine salvation is deliverance from sin and its consequences.
  • We All Need Salvation
    • Comparing ourselves with others doesn’t work, because the standard is God.
    • Salvation is not just for the “really wicked,” because we are all wicked.
    • We are all rebels against God, and we all need to be saved.

The Divine Design

  • The One Offended
    • God is holy and righteous.
    • Sin is an offence against God’s holy and righteous character.
    • God’s holiness and righteousness demand that he judge sin.
    • God cannot simply overlook our rebellion.
    • We are condemned sinners; we cannot remedy our standing before God.
  • The One Offended Removes the Offence
    • Our sinful and rebellious condition is not the end of the story.
    • God has determined to rescue and forgive sinners.
    • Salvation is God’s design.
      • There is no possibility of self-atonement.
      • Salvation involves atonement for sin by means of sacrificial death.
      • The death that sin brings can be covered only by the death that bloodshed requires.
      • The only sacrifice that can truly cover our sin is a sacrifice that God initiates, that he can accept, and includes the shedding of blood.
      • But more than an animal sacrifice is required to atone for human sin.
      • Only another human being in God’s image can stand in the place of another person.
      • Only a perfect, spotless human being can stand in the place of a condemned, guilty person.

Divine Determination

  • Christ, the Final Sacrifice
    • The good news is that God’s attitude toward sin is not only to punish it. God also determines to cover the sin that we have brought into the world.
    • Animal sacrifices in the OT were only provisional and temporary.
    • Only the perfect God-man, Jesus Christ, could truly atone for our sins.
    • Christ’s whole work from Bethlehem to Jerusalem and then to heaven is necessary for our salvation:
      • Incarnation as a man to represent us.
      • Life of perfect obedience.
      • Sacrificial, blood-shedding death as an atonement.
      • Resurrection as validation of his atonement and victor over death and the forces of evil.
      • Ascension to reign at God’s right hand.
      • The sacrifice that God requires was now met in the Son. It was met because God provided it. He provided it in his own Son.
      • He alone was able to accomplish what we could not accomplish in order to provide a solution to the problem that we ourselves perpetuate in the world.


  • Unless we respond properly to what God has done, we will remain in our sins and will suffer the deserved penalty, which is eternal death.
  • What Christ has done has to be applied to us to be effective in and for us.
  • What is the response?
    • Believe the Lord Jesus Christ.
    • What does this mean?
  • Saving Faith
    • Not just a mental acknowledgment of facts about Christ
    • Acknowledgment of sin and rebellion and a renouncing of it and desire to turn from it
    • Acknowledgment of personal inability and insufficiency to save ourselves
    • Trust/reliance on Christ alone
      • When we trust Christ, we place ourselves—our very lives each and every day—into his hands.
  • Saving Faith Is a Work of Grace
    • It is an awakening and transformation by God himself.
    • Our eyes are opened to see things properly for the first time. We see the world as God’s world.
    • We see Christ, our Savior, as the only one capable of delivering us from eternal peril.
    • He transports us from the darkness of our sin into the light of his glorious grace.


  • We can’t believe in salvation without believing in sin (our sinfulness).
  • We can’t believe in sin without believing in the holy, righteous God whom we have offended.
  • When we see God as he has revealed himself to us in creation and in his Word and when we see ourselves as we truly are, we recognize that we need God’s salvation.
  • We believe in salvation, because without it we perish.
  • A further argument for the truthfulness of biblical salvation is that it is so unlike every other religion in the world.
    • Every religion has some way of reaching the “right” place, but it is always by human effort.
    • Christianity is unique in that it tells the story of a holy God who in grace condescends to save those who rebelled against him.


  • What would God be like if he did not punish sin?
  • Why is death deserved for those who sin?
  • Are there different kinds of “belief”?
    • What is biblical saving faith?
  • What are some reasons why people do not trust in Christ to be saved from their sins?

“Preparing to Meet God” (Exodus 19:9–15)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, March 4, 2018

Exodus 19:9–15 (NIV)

The Lord said to Moses, “I am going to come to you in a dense cloud, so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always put their trust in you.” Then Moses told the Lord what the people had said.

10 And the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes 11 and be ready by the third day, because on that day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not approach the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain is to be put to death. 13 They are to be stoned or shot with arrows; not a hand is to be laid on them. No person or animal shall be permitted to live.’ Only when the ram’s horn sounds a long blast may they approach the mountain.”

14 After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes. 15 Then he said to the people, “Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations.”

1. God is coming (9).

a. God is going to come.
b. God is coming in power.
c. God is coming to speak.
d. God is coming to validate.

2. Prepare yourselves for the presence of God (10–11, 14–15).

a. Be consecrated.
b. Be clean.
c. Be celibate.

3. Worship God with fear and awe (12–13).

a. God’s presence is holy.
b. God’s presence is terrifying.
c. God’s presence is inviting.

Main Idea: Those who approach God must prepare and consecrate themselves and worship him with reverence and awe.


“Our Future Glory” (Romans 8:18–25)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, March 4, 2018


Romans 8:18–25 (NIV)

18 I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. 19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. 20 For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the freedom and glory of the children of God.

22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time. 23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies. 24 For in this hope we were saved. But hope that is seen is no hope at all. Who hopes for what they already have? 25 But if we hope for what we do not yet have, we wait for it patiently.


1. Our present suffering magnifies our hope for the future (18).

2. The future for Christ’s people is so glorious, that all of creation longs for it (19–22).

3. Like the rest of creation, we as Christ’s people should long with great expectation for our future hope (23–25).

Main Idea: The troubles and sorrows that we face now can be viewed through the lens of hope instead of despair because we, along with all of creation, have the hope of a glorious future.


By K. Scott Oliphint

Why Believe Jesus Rose from the Dead? – Chapter 5

⦁ Historical Reasons
⦁ Christian Reasons

Historical Reasons
⦁ How can we prove that an event actually happened in history when all of the original people and witnesses involved are now dead?
⦁ How can two people investigate all of the historical evidence and have the same information and come to opposite conclusions?

Two Reasons:
○ The nature of historical investigation

► Uses limited resources
► Gaps in knowledge and data
► Purpose not to give absolute certainty
► Historical evidence can only bring us to a probably conclusion.

○ The nature of presuppositions

► Presuppositions are even more stubborn than facts.
► We all have basic commitments that force us to interpret facts a certain way.
► Our basic commitments lead us to different conclusions.

Christian Reasons
⦁ The historical reasons point to the probability of the resurrection of Jesus.
⦁ Historical reasons point to the credibility of the Christian faith.
⦁ Christianity has more historical evidence than any other religion.
⦁ Historical data can support our belief in the resurrection, but this evidence is insufficient to conclusively answer the “why” question.

○ Why believe Jesus rose from the dead?

⦁ The center of our response to the “why” question is that, without the resurrection of Christ, there is no Christianity at all.

○ The historical fact of the resurrection and the “meaning” of the resurrection go together.
○ The resurrection is the “key” that unlocks the whole of Christianity.

⦁ Three aspects of the resurrection make it central to Christianity:

○ “According to the Scriptures”
○ “If Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith…”
○ “The firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep…”

⦁ Christians believe in life after death because Jesus is risen.

○ He is not probably risen or probably alive.
○ That only leads to the conclusion that our faith is probably in vain.
○ But if he is risen indeed, and because he lives, we will live.

⦁ Only Scripture testifying of itself through the Holy Spirit can give ultimate certainty.
⦁ Our belief in life after death hangs on the resurrection of Christ.

○ Life and death are more than physical concepts in Scripture
○ Death in Scripture is an existence without fellowship and communion with God.
○ Life is union with Christ and eternal existence in the presence of God in his eternal kingdom.

⦁ Objections based on Historical Evidence
⦁ Objections based on the “problem” of miracles
⦁ Objections based on presuppositions and impossible demands of proof on Christians.

⦁ Historical Evidence is helpful but insufficient
⦁ The Holy Spirit must open the eyes of faith through the testimony of the Scriptures.
⦁ “If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead.” (Luke 16:27-31)

⦁ How does Scripture make clear that the resurrection of Christ was a public event?
⦁ Why couldn’t Jesus just come to earth and give life to any who trust in him? Why did he have to be raised from the dead?
⦁ What do you think is the most significant objection to the resurrection of Christ? How would you respond?


“On Eagle’s Wings” (Exodus 19:1–8)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, February 25, 2018

Exodus 19:1–8 (NIV)

19 On the first day of the third month after the Israelites left Egypt—on that very day—they came to the Desert of Sinai. After they set out from Rephidim, they entered the Desert of Sinai, and Israel camped there in the desert in front of the mountain.

Then Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain and said, “This is what you are to say to the descendants of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel: ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.”

So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people and set before them all the words the Lord had commanded him to speak. The people all responded together, “We will do everything the Lord has said.” So Moses brought their answer back to the Lord.

I. The Mountain of God (1–3)
II. On Eagle’s Wings (4)
III. My Treasured Possession (5)
IV. A Kingdom of Priests (6)
V. A Holy Nation (6)
VI. A Covenant Accepted (7–8)

Main Idea: God rescued his people and brought them into his presence in order to make them his precious treasure, his mediators of righteousness to the world, and a society modeled after his holy character for the sake of his own glory and praise.


“Children of God” (Romans 8:14–17)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, February 25, 2018

Romans 8:14–17 (NIV)
14For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God. 15The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by him we cry, "Abba, Father." 16The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children. 17Now if we are children, then we are heirs—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.


1. The Holy Spirit provides assurance that we are God’s children (14, 16).

a. By leading us to walk in the ways of the Spirit producing the fruit of the Spirit
b. By testifying with our human spirit that we are God’s children

2. The Holy Spirit guarantees our adoption into the family of God along with all of the rights and privileges of full sonship (15).

a. From slaves to sons
b. From fear to love

3. The Holy Spirit guarantees our final inheritance as an heir of God and co-heirs with Christ (17).

a. Full inheritance as a full child of God through Christ
b. Suffering is the path to glory.


Know Why You Believe
By K. Scott Oliphint

“Why Believe in Miracles?” – Chapter 4

Lesson Overview

  • Reasons
    • From Hume to Hitchens
    • Theism to the Rescue?
    • Christian Theism to the Rescue
  • Responses
  • Conclusion


From Hume to Hitchens

  • Objections to the Idea of Miracles
    • David Hume (1711-1776)
      • Empiricism – we can know only what we experience through the senses (“naturalism”). Everything else is illusion.
        • “A wise man…proportions his belief to the evidence.”
        • If there is no evidence for a miracle, or if the “proportion” of evidence is only slight, the possibility of the miracle must be rejected.
      • Probability – the likelihood of something happening or taking place.
        • Probability is in part determined and dependent on other things.
        • The probability that I will drive to work depends on what day it is.
      • Hume’s philosophy:
        • Can it be measured or quantified?
        • Can it be sensed by experience?
        • Is it matter or physical?
        • No to all of these: “Commit it then to the flames: for it contains nothing but sophistry and illusion.”
        • Christianity is by definition ruled out of bounds in this philosophy.
        • No place for miracles or “supernatural.”
      • Hume’s definition of a miracle: “an act which is a violation of the laws of nature.”
        • Since the laws of nature are unalterable and fixed, then there can be no such thing as miracles which violate these fixed laws.
        • Which is more probable? To think that a man was raised from the dead or to think that a person was deceived into thinking someone was raised from the dead?
        • So, Hume rejects miracles on the basis of empiricism (what is experienced through the senses) and probability (miracles are not as likely as other more likely explanations).
      • Hume’s argument against miracles is still followed today by many atheists. It is viewed as the preeminent argument against miracles and the supernatural.
        • Christopher Hitchens is a modern example.

Theism to the Rescue?

  • There is a major flaw in Hume’s argument: his understanding of “nature”
    • It assumes that no one has ever experienced a miracle.
    • Empiricism only works as an argument against miracles if miracles have never happened in anyone’s experience and perceived by the senses.
    • The only way to know with certainty that no one has ever experienced a miracle is if miracles are impossible.
    • Arguing in a circle: miracles are impossible because no one has ever experienced them; no one has ever experienced them because miracles are not “normal” and “natural” – thus not possible.
  • What if we suppose the existence of God—that there is more to what is “natural” than what can be seen or experienced empirically?
  • Would establishing God’s existence prove the possibility of miracles?
  • Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677) didn’t think so.
    • A Jewish theist who reasoned that the unchangeability of God required the unchangeability of nature – no miracles.
    • The miracles of the Old Testament were “natural” occurrences that only appeared new or supernatural because of man’s ignorance.
    • So, like Hume, Spinoza thought that “witnesses” of miracles were themselves deceived or confused.
  • Bare theism alone does not solve the debate over miracles.
    • Deism would deny miracles based on the unchangeability of the nature God made. He wound it up and let it go.

Christian Theism to the Rescue

  • Some flaws in definitions that need correcting:
    • The assumption that “nature” is all there is and that it moves on its own according to unchangeable laws/forces.
    • The assumption that God’s unchangeability prevents him from disrupting or momentarily changing the “laws of nature.”
  • Is “nature” moving on its own?
    • The Scriptures know nothing of a “nature” or creation that moves on its own.
      • Psalm 104:10-13: “He makes springs pour water into the ravines… He waters the mountains from his upper chambers; the land is satisfied by the fruit of his work.”
      • The workings of nature are the workings of the God who made it.
      • The “laws of nature” are actually the faithful activity of a faithful God.
    • Hume denied miracles because he defined nature as a predictable, closed system.
    • Spinoza denied miracles because he defined nature as invariably law-like.
    • Both of these conclusions misunderstand “nature.”
      • Nature is what it is because God is working in and through it – actively and dynamically.
  • Why would God want to act differently in his world at special times?
    • Miracles are not God’s magic tricks.
    • They are not arbitrary displays of God’s power.
    • They are given to point toward the redemption that is in Jesus Christ.
    • Miracles are testimonies; they communicate a message. That message is ultimately pointing to salvation through Christ.
  • Example:
    • Jesus calms the sea (Mark 4; Matt 8; Luke 8) .
      • Given to increase the faith of his disciples in their Savior.
      • This miracle demonstrated the nature of the kingdom of God that Jesus had been teaching his disciples about.
      • Miracles are given to authenticate the message and the messenger.
      • The works affirm the words.
      • The calming of the sea was intended to point the disciples to Psalm 107:
        • “He stilled the storm to a whisper… Let them gives thanks to the Lord for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for mankind.”
        • The disciples were meant to see that Jesus was himself the Lord of creation who calmed the sea in Psalm 107.
  • Miracles are intended to point to something higher. They accompany the proclamation of redemptive truth.
    • When you come across a miracle in Scripture, ask “What redemptive truth is God communicating through this miracle?”


  • Are Christians arguing in a circle in the same way as David Hume?
    • There is an important difference:
      • When Hume assumed “nature” as a closed, law-like uniformity he was making an assumption that he could not prove because he had not experienced all of nature. He had not experienced the entire system that he speculated about.
      • When Christians begin with God, we are not beginning with our limited experiences. Our belief in God is grounded in what he has said and done.
      • We begin with God not because we “sense” him, but because he has spoken.
      • We do not believe that we can know only what we experience. We can know because of who God is and what he has done.
  • How can we believe in an unchangeable God who at times disrupts the normal pattern of nature/creation?
    • The unchangeable God is not aloof, disconnected from his world.
    • We believe in the Triune God; we believe that God the Son became flesh and lived among us. This was the “Grand Miracle” and certainly a disruption of the normal order of things.
    • God is dynamically, actively involved.
    • God is at work in his world and in history to save a sinful people.
    • All the miracles in the Bible are meant to point to, explain, and testify to that great and glorious “Grand Miracle” of God coming to man by becoming a man.
    • All other miracles serve that one redemptive act of God.


  • We believe in miracles because we believe in Christ.
  • When we believe in Christ, we believe that he is the greatest miracle of all.
  • Once we believe in him, it is no step at all to believe in those great acts of God that show us his plan of redemption, in and through his Son.

“It’s Not All on You” (Exodus 18:13–27)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, February 18, 2018

Exodus 18:13–27 (NIV)

13 The next day Moses took his seat to serve as judge for the people, and they stood around him from morning till evening. 14 When his father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he said, “What is this you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge, while all these people stand around you from morning till evening?”

15 Moses answered him, “Because the people come to me to seek God’s will. 16 Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God’s decrees and instructions.”

17 Moses’ father-in-law replied, “What you are doing is not good. 18 You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone. 19 Listen now to me and I will give you some advice, and may God be with you. You must be the people’s representative before God and bring their disputes to him. 20 Teach them his decrees and instructions, and show them the way they are to live and how they are to behave. 21 But select capable men from all the people—men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain—and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. 22 Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult case to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will share it with you. 23 If you do this and God so commands, you will be able to stand the strain, and all these people will go home satisfied.”

24 Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said. 25 He chose capable men from all Israel and made them leaders of the people, officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. 26 They served as judges for the people at all times. The difficult cases they brought to Moses, but the simple ones they decided themselves.

27 Then Moses sent his father-in-law on his way, and Jethro returned to his own country.

1. The Problem: Shouldering the Responsibility Alone (vv. 13–18).

a. Moses was rightly serving as judge and overseer over the people (13, 15–16).

i. The people did need God’s Word and His Will, and Moses was in the position to mediate that Word to the people (13, 15).
ii. The people did need matters that were in dispute to be decided by someone who knew God’s Word and His Will (16).

b. Moses was wrongly thinking that he needed to do it all by himself (14, 17–18).

i. Just because the people needed God’s Word didn’t mean that Moses had to give it to them directly and personally himself.
ii. Just because the people needed matters that were in dispute to be decided by a judge who knew God’s Word didn’t mean that Moses had to be the only judge deciding every matter.

c. Shouldering the Responsibility Alone leads to overworked servants of God and frustrated and under-served people (18).

2. The Plan: Share the Responsibility with Others (vv. 19–23).

a. The one suggesting the plan: Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law
b. The plan itself:

i. Moses should be the primary mediator between the people and God (19).

1. Bringing matters to be decided to God
2. Bringing God’s Word/Judgments to the People

ii. Moses should be the primary teacher of God’s Word and God’s Ways to the people (20).

1. Teaching God’s people God’s Words
2. Teaching God’s people God’s Ways

iii. Moses should select and appoint men of character and capability to help shoulder the load of judgment and leadership (21).

1. Capable men
2. God-fearing
3. Appoint them to various levels of leadership and responsibility commensurate with their level of experience and qualifications

iv. The ministry of judgment/leadership can be shared with these qualified men, and Moses can continue to handle the more difficult cases. He is still the ultimate mediator of God’s word and his judgments to the people (22).
v. Shared Responsibility lessens the stress of fatigue on the minister/leader and provides more personal and consistent ministry to the people (23).

c. The approver of the plan: this plan comes from Jethro; it is his advice. But still God must give the approval for this plan.

i. The text seems to indicate that this plan is subject to approval by God:

1. May God be with you (v. 19).
2. If you do this and God so commands (23).

3. The Process: Begin the Process of Training and Selecting Others to Share the Responsibility (vv. 24–27).

a. No matter how good a plan is, it still must be implemented (24) – Moses listened and implemented (assuming God’s approval).
b. A plan such as this can’t be implemented overnight. It appears that the implementation of shared judgment and leadership was a process.

i. It takes a process to show the people the value of shared leadership.
ii. It takes a process to train the leaders to know God’s Word and become capable of handling their sphere of responsibility.
iii. It takes cooperation and humility for everyone to maintain their sphere of responsibility and not try to do more than what they’ve been given or slack in doing less.

Main Idea: Ministry is not intended to be responsibility of one person, not even one leader. Ministry is intended to be shared by godly, qualified leadership, and by willing, serving people.


“Killing Sin” (Romans 8:12–13)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, February 18, 2018

Romans 8:12–13, NIV
12 Therefore, brothers and sisters, we have an obligation-- but it is not to the flesh, to live according to it.  13 For if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live.

1.    Believers in Christ do not have to live under the reign of the flesh anymore.

2.    Believers in Christ must not and will not live under the reign of the flesh anymore.

3.    Believers in Christ can live under the reign of the Spirit and mortify the sinful deeds of the body.

4.    Believers in Christ must and will live under the reign of the Spirit and mortify the sinful deeds of the body.

Main Idea: Christ’s people do not live according to the flesh and eternally perish; Christ’s people live according to the Spirit and live forever.


Know Why You Believe
By K. Scott Oliphint

Why Believe in Jesus? – Chapter 3


⦁ What makes someone worthy of worship?

⦁ Teaching?
⦁ Miracles?
⦁ Creator of a movement?
⦁ Sacrificing for others?

⦁ Many have done these things, so why worship Jesus? What makes Jesus worthy of worship?

Where Do We Begin?

⦁ Will we start with a search for a “historical” Jesus where only the natural is allowable?
⦁ Beginning with this premise, the conclusion is already predetermined. Jesus can be nothing more than an influential teacher who started a movement.
⦁ If we start with our own assumed authority, rather than the Bible’s authority, we wind up with teachings and ideas that have no more authority than our own basic prejudices.
⦁ We cannot begin with our own prejudices based on our own authority.
⦁ Why believe in Jesus?

⦁ The Bible gives us the answer. The Jesus we are to believe in must be the Christ of the Bible. The Jesus we create with our own ideas is not the real Jesus.

The Jesus of the New Testament

“In simple fact, Jesus’ career was not that of an ordinary man: and the dilemma is inevitable that He was either something more than a normal man or something less. We, like His contemporaries—and His contemporaries like us—have only the alternatives: either supernatural or subnormal, either Divine or else `out of His mind.’” Benjamin Warfield

⦁ The Bible’s claims are too extraordinary for Jesus to be just an ordinary man:

⦁ Jesus is both God and man.

⦁ John tells us that Jesus Christ is the one who was in the beginning, who created all things, who is, as fully God, with God and who took on human flesh in order to live among us. (John 1:1-3, 14)

⦁ From the very beginning, Jesus’ life was supernatural; nothing was ordinary.

⦁ From his virgin conception and birth to his death, resurrection, and ascension, nothing was ordinary.
⦁ His birth marks the center of world history.

⦁ Jesus’ mission was to rescue sinners and end the reign of sin and its devastating effects.
⦁ The eternal divine Word took on human nature and lived among us. He did not remain distant and aloof. He lived among the people and exposed himself to the hardships, ridicule, and persecution.
⦁ Jesus engaged in a public ministry, healing the physically afflicted, liberating the demon possessed, and encouraging the downtrodden.
⦁ The claims that Jesus made about himself do not allow us to think of him as a normal teacher:

⦁ Authority to forgive sin
⦁ Existed before Abraham as the “I Am”
⦁ Identified himself as the Son of Man (Messiah) and Son of God
⦁ Predicted that he would rise from the dead on the third day after his death

The Jesus of the Old Testament

⦁ The revelation of who Jesus is does not start in the NT; the biblical picture of Jesus begins immediately after the entrance of sin in humanity.

⦁ He is the eternal Word and Creator.
⦁ He is the “seed of the woman.”
⦁ He is the Angel of the Lord.
⦁ He is the “Man” who appeared to Abraham.
⦁ He is the fire in the burning bush appearing to Moses.
⦁ He is the Captain of the Lord’s army who appears to Joshua.
⦁ He is the “fourth man” in the fire in Daniel 3.
⦁ Ultimately, he is the Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, born of the virgin Mary.
⦁ The Son of God is the “revealer” of God from the beginning.
⦁ The NT writers routinely apply to Jesus texts that speak of Yahweh.
⦁ After his resurrection, Jesus taught his disciples how all of Scripture pointed to him.

⦁ All of Scripture reveals to us who Jesus, the Son of God, is—not just the New Testament.
⦁ The same Son who permanently took on a human nature and came to earth was the one who had been coming to all of the saints ever since sin entered the hearts of people.

Jesus and the End of History

⦁ Jesus ascended to heaven to reign as King over the earth with all authority.
⦁ One day he will return to judge the earth.
⦁ John’s record of his vision in Revelation points to the reign of Christ over all the kingdoms of men.
⦁ The lordship of Jesus is moving toward a specific goal: the return of Christ as judge over every human being and the consummation of history.
⦁ This final judgment will seal the fate of every human being who has ever lived:

⦁ The unbelieving (the default condition of everyone) will be eternally condemned.
⦁ The believing (by God’s grace) will live eternally in a new creation.

Why Believe in Jesus?

⦁ Son of God, Messiah, and Savior?

⦁ Hundreds of years of prophecy fulfilled
⦁ A supernatural birth
⦁ A ministry of authoritative, clear teaching
⦁ Healing the ill and disabled, liberating the demon possessed, raising the dead to life, controlling nature
⦁ Predicting his own death and resurrection
⦁ Voluntarily laying his own innocent life down in sacrifice for the sins of others
⦁ Rising from the dead the third day
⦁ Ascending to heaven 40 days after his resurrection
⦁ All of his ministry, death, and resurrection testified to by hundreds of eyewitnesses.
⦁ The radical transformation of lives, including Saul of Tarsus.
⦁ The endurance of his church and disciples for 2,000 years.
⦁ The abundant written manuscript records of his life, ministry, and impact.
⦁ Starting a movement that served as the foundation for all of western civilization.
⦁ The current and ongoing transformation of lives, families, and societies.
⦁ The powerful and divine testimony of Holy Scripture.
⦁ The living and active testimony of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of people.


“A God Worthy of Praise” (Exodus 18:1–12)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, February 11, 2018

Exodus 18:1–12 (NIV)

18 Now Jethro, the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses, heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt.

After Moses had sent away his wife Zipporah, his father-in-law Jethro received her and her two sons. One son was named Gershom, for Moses said, “I have become a foreigner in a foreign land”; and the other was named Eliezer,  for he said, “My father’s God was my helper; he saved me from the sword of Pharaoh.”

Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, together with Moses’ sons and wife, came to him in the wilderness, where he was camped near the mountain of God. Jethro had sent word to him, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons.”

So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and kissed him. They greeted each other and then went into the tent. Moses told his father-in-law about everything the Lord had done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians for Israel’s sake and about all the hardships they had met along the way and how the Lord had saved them.

Jethro was delighted to hear about all the good things the Lord had done for Israel in rescuing them from the hand of the Egyptians. 10 He said, “Praise be to the Lord, who rescued you from the hand of the Egyptians and of Pharaoh, and who rescued the people from the hand of the Egyptians. 11 Now I know that the Lord is greater than all other gods, for he did this to those who had treated Israel arrogantly.” 12 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, brought a burnt offering and other sacrifices to God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat a meal with Moses’ father-in-law in the presence of God.

Setting: A Family Reunion

1. The one true and living God is worthy of proclamation (1–8).

2. The one true and living God is worthy of praise (by all peoples) (9–12).


“The Spirit Who Gives Life” (Romans 8:9–11)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, February 11, 2018

Romans 8:9–11 (NIV)
9 You, however, are not in the realm of the flesh but are in the realm of the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, they do not belong to Christ. 10 But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness. 11 And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies because of his Spirit who lives in you.

1. Every true believer in Jesus Christ is in union with Christ.

a. Belong to Christ (v. 9)
b. Christ in you (v. 10) and you in Christ (5:12–21)

2. Everyone who is in union with Christ has the indwelling Holy Spirit.

a. If you belong to Christ (v. 9), you have the Spirit of Christ.
b. The Spirit of Christ = The Spirit of God = The Holy Spirit.
c. Every believer/every true Christian has the indwelling Holy Spirit.

i. From conversion
ii. In totality
iii. Permanently (lives, dwells v. 9)

3. Everyone who has the indwelling Holy Spirit of Christ is no longer “in the flesh” but is “in the Spirit.”

a. If the Spirit of God lives in you, then you are not in the realm of the flesh but in the realm of the Spirit (v. 9).
b. Positional – transfer from one realm to the other. – True of all believers. A Christian cannot rightly be said to be “in the flesh” in this sense.

4. Everyone who has the indwelling Holy Spirit has been granted new spiritual life because of the righteousness of Christ (v. 10).

a. Your physical body is still subject to decay and death, but you have been made spiritually alive through the life-giving Spirit based on the work of Christ (his righteousness imputed to you).

5. Everyone who has been made spiritually alive by the Spirit will also one day be made physically alive at the resurrection (v. 11).

a. God raised Jesus from the dead.
b. If his Spirit (the Holy Spirit) is in you then you too will be raised from the dead physically and transformed into and immortal existence at the resurrection.

Main Idea: Every true believer in Christ has the indwelling Holy Spirit, who has transferred us from the realm of spiritual death in the flesh to the realm of spiritual life in the Spirit, and one day he will also grant new resurrection life to our physical bodies that grow old and die.


Know Why You Believe
By K. Scott Oliphant

“Why Believe in God?” – Chapter 2

The New Atheism

  • Recent Resurgence
    • Richard Dawkins
    • Christopher Hitchens
    • Sam Harris
    • Daniel Dennett
  • Hostile and “Evangelistic”
  • Religion is “Destructive.”


  • Reasons to Not Believe
    • Religious Abuses and Evils
      • Worst possible caricatures
      • Argument is not about religion per se but about the adherents of that religion.
      • Must distinguish between what Christianity is and what Christians do.
    • A skewed view of God based on a distorted reading of Scripture.
      • Reflects more the bias of the reader than a legitimate, fair reading of the Bible.
    • All the things that are wrong and all the suffering in the world.
      • If all the wrong in the world proves that everything is random and meaningless, then why is it so evil to believe in God?
  • Reasons to Believe
    • “Agreement of the People” argument
      • 75% of people believe in a god.
      • Has been the dominant belief of people through the centuries
      • Not a sufficient proof, but does point to something deeper.
    • “Internal” Reasons
      • There is a reason why most people throughout time have believed in deity.
      • There is in every person a “sense of deity.”
      • “since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them.” Rom 1:19
      • We know God through general revelation.
      • Our sin is direct rebellion against our Creator, because we know him.
      • Because of this knowledge, we are without excuse.
      • This knowledge is continually suppressed by sinful humanity.
      • These truths help to explain why there is a general agreement of the people
      • regarding the existence of deity.
      • The false deities that people have worshiped are evidence of the suppression and distortion of the basic knowledge of God available to us in conscience and nature.
    • “External” Reasons
      • God’s revelation in and through creation is always and everywhere both “internal” and “external.”
        • “Internal” revelation is that which God “implants” in us that speaks to our consciences.
        • “External” revelation is that which God is showing us through the world that we experience every day.
      • God’s revelation is in all creation, inside of us and outside of us.
      • This general revelation gives strength to so-called “proofs” for God’s existence.
        • Cosmological argument – argument from cause and effect.
          • The world is the “effect,” and God is the eternal “first cause.”
          • An atheist will not make the connection between this argument and the general revelation of God, because they have suppressed that knowledge.
          • It is easier and “more free” to believe in an uncaused universe than to believe in an uncaused God to whom we are accountable.
        • Ontological Argument – argument of necessary being
          • Our existence is limited and dependent, so there must be a being who is infinite and independent.
        • Teleological Argument – argument of design and purpose
          • The intricate design of the universe points to a master designer.
        • All of these “external” reasons for God testify of his existence. They ought to be obvious to everyone.
        • But sin clouds, distorts, and hides the obvious. Sinners distort and suppress the knowledge of God and reasonable arguments for his being.
        • How can the blind see?

Digging Deeper

  • What is the root cause of the denial of God and a rejection of reasonable arguments for his existence?
  • The atheist opts for a blind faith in an uncaused universe rather than a reasonable faith in a personal Creator God because the atheist does not want there to be a God.
  • The “internal” and “external” reasons for God will not alone change the mind of an atheist because deep down they don’t want there to be a God.
  • They have libertarian reasons for rejecting the existence of God that are stronger than any compelling arguments.


  • So what do we do if the problem is in what people want rather than what they think?
  • Atheistic arguments are inherently contradictory.
    • They argue that religion poisons everything because it tries to influence everyone. But aren’t atheists trying to influence others?
    • If everything that exists is by chance and meaningless, how do we determine good and bad?
    • Why is it a bad thing for Christians to seek to evangelize others? By what standard?
    • Why is opposition to evolution bad? Their strong defense of evolution proves that things do have meaning, which undercuts their belief in a meaningless universe.
    • What makes evolution “better” than religion and creationism if everything is morally indifferent and neutral?


  • No matter how articulate and educated the denial of God is, the diagnosis is always the same.
  • The unbeliever lives as if there is no God, and deep down they don’t want there to be a God.
  • Unbelief is not due to a lack of evidence but to an inward rebellion.
  • The only thing powerful enough to change the rebellion of the human heart, which itself is enslaved to sin, is the truth of God in the gospel.
  • The sinful chains that bind the heart must be broken. Only the gospel can do that.
  • We make our appeal to unbelievers based on the shared truth that all humanity has access to in conscience and in nature.
  • We show how Christianity helps us to see everything else more clearly. It illumines the world and provides it meaning and purpose.

“The Lord Is My Banner” (Exodus 17:8–16)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, February 4, 2018

Exodus 17:8–16 (NIV)

The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim. Moses said to Joshua, “Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hands.”

10 So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses had ordered, and Moses, Aaron and Hur went to the top of the hill. 11 As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning. 12 When Moses’ hands grew tired, they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held his hands up—one on one side, one on the other—so that his hands remained steady till sunset. 13 So Joshua overcame the Amalekite army with the sword.

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven.”

15 Moses built an altar and called it The Lord is my Banner. 16 He said, “Because hands were lifted up against the throne of the Lord, the Lord will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation.”


  1. The journey for God’s people will be difficult and dangerous (v. 8) .

20 Remember what I told you: 'A servant is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted me, they will persecute you also. If they obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also.  21 They will treat you this way because of my name, for they do not know the one who sent me. (John 15:20-21, NIV)

"All this I have told you so that you will not fall away.  2 They will put you out of the synagogue; in fact, the time is coming when anyone who kills you will think they are offering a service to God.  3 They will do such things because they have not known the Father or me.  4  I have told you this, so that when their time comes you will remember that I warned you about them. (John 16:1-4, NIV)


  1. God’s people have a moral right to use legitimate means to defend themselves against unjust attack (vv. 9–10).

35 Then Jesus asked them, "When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?" "Nothing," they answered.  36 He said to them, "But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one.  (Luke 22:35-36, NIV)


  1. Every challenge and difficulty that God’s people go through provides an opportunity for God to display his glory.
  1. God will defend his people, and he has a long memory and will seek justice for their oppression.

 14 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven."  15 Moses built an altar and called it The LORD is my Banner.  16 He said, "Because hands were lifted up against the throne of the LORD, the LORD will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation." (Exodus 17:14-16, NIV)

20 Then Balaam saw Amalek and spoke his message: "Amalek was first among the nations, but their end will be utter destruction." (Numbers 24:20, NIV)

17 Remember what the Amalekites did to you along the way when you came out of Egypt.  18 When you were weary and worn out, they met you on your journey and attacked all who were lagging behind; they had no fear of God.  19 When the LORD your God gives you rest from all the enemies around you in the land he is giving you to possess as an inheritance, you shall blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven. Do not forget!  (Deuteronomy 25:17-19, NIV)

2 This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt.  3 Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy all that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.'"  (1 Samuel 15:2-3, NIV)


Main Idea: The faithful Lord is among his people to defend them.


“Life in the Flesh vs. Life in the Spirit” (Romans 8:4b–8)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, February 4, 2018

Romans 8:1–8, NIV
     1 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, 2 because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set you free from the law of sin and death. 3 For what the law was powerless to do because it was weakened by the flesh, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh to be a sin offering. And so he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

     5 Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires. 6 The mind governed by the flesh is death, but the mind governed by the Spirit is life and peace. 7 The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God's law, nor can it do so. 8 Those who are in the realm of the flesh cannot please God.

1. A different sphere of existence/domain

a. In the flesh
b. In the Spirit

2. A different mind-set

a. Minds set on what the flesh desires
b. Minds set on what the Spirit desires

3. A different way of life

a. Living according to the flesh

19 The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; 20 idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions 21 and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:19-21, NIV)

b. Living according to the Spirit

22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law. 24 Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. (Galatians 5:22-24, NIV)

4. A different orientation toward God

a. Hostile toward God
b. At peace and reconciled with God

5. A different moral capability

a. Does not submit to God’s law, and can’t submit to God’s law, cannot please God.
b. Freedom from slavery to sin and become slaves of righteousness.

6. A different destiny

a. Death

I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:21, NIV)

b. Life and Peace

Main Idea: Believers in Christ are now in the Spirit, not in the flesh. This means that they have a fundamentally different way of thinking and living—one that is oriented toward God and not toward the self. This new way of life leads ultimately to eternal life.


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