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“The Potter’s Prerogative” (Romans 9:19–24)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, July 15, 2018

Romans 9:19–24 (NIV)
       19 One of you will say to me: “Then why does God still blame us? For who is able to resist his will?” 20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’ ”  21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?
       22 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience the objects of his wrath—prepared for destruction? 23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory—24 even us, whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?

Intro: Have we misunderstood Paul?

Situation and Problem: Israel’s Unbelief: is the problem with God’s Word/Promise?

Proposition: No! God’s Word has not failed (v. 6a).

Major Premise: Not all those descended from Israel are Israel (v. 6b).

Support #1 for major premise: Inclusion in the true Israel is not based on Abrahamic paternity, but on God’s call (vv. 7–9).

Evidence: Isaac and Ishmael were both children of Abraham, but Isaac was the chosen seed of Abraham not Ishmael.

Support #2 for major premise: Inclusion in the true Israel is not based on Abrahamic paternity or meritorious deeds, but on God’s call (vv. 10–13).

Evidence: Jacob and Esau were both the children of Isaac, the seed of Abraham, but before they were born and before they had done good or evil, God chose Jacob to continue the seed of Abraham.

Objection: Is God unrighteous? (v. 14a)

Response: Absolutely not! (v. 14b)

Scriptural warrant #1 for response: To Moses: “I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I have compassion” (v. 15).

Inference #1: God’s bestowal of mercy is not based on human considerations, but only on God’s nature, an essential aspect of which is to show mercy to whom he pleases, apart from human considerations (v. 16).

Scriptural warrant #2 for response: To Pharaoh: “For this very purpose I raised you up in order that I might display my power in you and in order that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth” (v. 17).

Inference #2: God has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills (v. 18).

Objection: How can we then be held responsible if no one can resist God's sovereign will? (v. 19)

Response:

1. Remember who you are. You are the creature; God is the Creator.

2. The creature has no right to object or “talk back to” or question (in a judgmental way) the Creator.

3. The Creator has the right to make what he wills to make and do what he wills to do.

4. God is glorified in his right as Creator to do what he wills with his creation.

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The Prophecy of Isaiah
Lesson 7: "The Sign of Immanuel" (7:1–17)

The Historical Setting (7:1–9)1

  • Time of National Crisis for Judah
  • Threat of Israel and Syria Alliance
  • Syro-Ephraimite War, 735-734 BC
  • Key Figures:
    • Tiglath-Pileser III (Assyria)
    • Rezin (Syria)
    • Pekah (Israel)
    • Ahaz (Judah)

       1When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem, but they could not overpower it.
       2Now the house of David was told, “Aram has allied itself with Ephraim”; so the hearts of Ahaz and his people were shaken, as the trees of the forest are shaken by the wind.
       3Then the Lord said to Isaiah, “Go out, you and your son Shear-Jashub, to meet Ahaz at the end of the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the road to the Launderer’s Field. 4Say to him, ‘Be careful, keep calm and don’t be afraid. Do not lose heart because of these two smoldering stubs of firewood—because of the fierce anger of Rezin and Aram and of the son of Remaliah. 5Aram, Ephraim and Remaliah’s son have plotted your ruin, saying, 6“Let us invade Judah; let us tear it apart and divide it among ourselves, and make the son of Tabeel king over it.” 7Yet this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“‘It will not take place,
     it will not happen,
8for the head of Aram is Damascus,
     and the head of Damascus is only Rezin.
Within sixty-five years
     Ephraim will be too shattered to be a people.
9The head of Ephraim is Samaria,
     and the head of Samaria is only Remaliah’s son.
If you do not stand firm in your faith,
     you will not stand at all.’” (Isaiah 7:1–9, NIV)

The Sign Offered, Refused, and Given (7:10–17)

  • The Sign Offered and Refused (7:10–13)

10 Again the Lord spoke to Ahaz, 11 “Ask the Lord your God for a sign, whether in the deepest depths or in the highest heights.”
    12 But Ahaz said, “I will not ask; I will not put the Lord to the test.”
    13 Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of humans? Will you try the patience of my God also? (Isaiah 7:10–13, NIV)

  • The Lord’s Sign: The Birth of Immanuel (7:14–16)

14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin  will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.  15 He will be eating curds and honey when he knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right, 16 for before the boy knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right, the land of the two kings you dread will be laid waste. (Isaiah 7:14–16, NIV)

  • The Repurcussions for Judah (7:17)

17 The Lord will bring on you and on your people and on the house of your father a time unlike any since Ephraim broke away from Judah—he will bring the king of Assyria.” (Isaiah 7:17, NIV)

Interpretations of Isaiah 7:14

  • The Meaning of ‘Almah
    • View 1: Isaiah’s Words Find Their Fulfillment Only in Jesus
    • View 2: The Prophecies of Isaiah 7 and 8 Are Linked
    • View 3: The Woman Is Already Pregnant
  • Conclusion: Isaiah 7:14 and the New Testament

1 This outline is drawn from Bryan E. Beyer, Encountering the Book of Isaiah.

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“Honoring One Another’s Property” (Exodus 20:15)
Pastor Cameron Jungels

Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, July 8, 2018

“You shall not steal.” (Exo 20:15, NIV)

  1. The Ancient Background of the Command
  2. The Meaning of the Command
  3. The Application of the Command in the Old Testament
  4. The Application of the Command in the New Testament
  5. The Modern Application of the Command
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"God's Sovereign Hardening" (Romans 9:17-18)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, July 8, 2018

14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all! 15 For he says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion." 16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God's mercy. 17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: "I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth." 18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
(Rom. 9:14-18 NIV)

  1. Examples of God's Hardening in Scripture

    1. God's Hardening of Pharaoh (Exodus 4-14)
    2. God's Hardening of Sihon, King of Heshbon (Deuteronomy 2:30)
    3. God's Hardening of Israel in Isaiah's Time (Isaiah 6:8-13)
    4. God's Hardening of Israel in Jesus' Time (John 12:37-41)
    5. God's Hardening of Israel in Paul's Time (Romans 9-11)
  2. Principles of God's Hardening from Scripture
    1. God Hardens Sovereignly
    2. When God hardens, it is completely compatible with the stubbornness and hard-heartedness of the individual.
    3. God hardens as a means of judgment, leading to greater judgment.
    4. When God hardens some, others receive mercy.
    5. Everyone whom God hardens deserves it.
    6. God hardens to advance his own glory and fame.
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“The Sanctity of Marriage” (Exodus 20:14)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, July 1, 2018

“Do Not Commit Adultery” (Exod. 20:14)

1. What is the historical and cultural background for this command?

2. What is adultery?

a. Adultery is fundamentally a breach or violation of covenantal obligations. It is a breach of the marriage covenant, particularly by engaging in sexual relations with someone other than your spouse.
b. Other forms of inappropriate sexual actions (homosexuality, fornication, bestiality, pornography, self-gratification) would all be considered sexual sins in the OT, but they are not technically adultery.
c. Adultery is treated with special significance in the Scriptures, because it involves the severing of a covenantal marriage agreement between two individuals. It is considered a crime against people, the family, society, and against God.
d. In the Hebrew Bible, the prohibition against adultery is fundamentally designed to protect the sanctity of the family, which serves as the foundation for all of society.

3. How is this command applied in the Old Testament?

a. Adultery was a capital offense in OT Israel. Lev 20:10; Deut 22:22
b. Consensual sex between a betrothed woman and a man that she was not betrothed to was considered adultery and carried the death penalty (Deut 22:23–24).
c. Examples of adultery: David/Bathsheba in 2 Sam 11.
d. Adultery in wisdom literature: Proverbs carries repeated warnings about engaging in adultery and the lure of the adulterous woman.
e. Adultery is used metaphorically to refer to Israel’s unfaithful violation of their covenant with Yahweh. Their worship of false gods is typically referred to as an act of whoredom/adultery. It is a covenant breach where the covenant involved an exclusive, permanent relationship between two parties.

4. How is the command applied in the New Testament?

a. Little change in terms of ethics from OT to NT.
b. Adultery include sins of the heart (Matt 5:27–28; cf. Matthew 15:17–20).
c. Illegitimate divorce is considered adultery. Also, marrying someone who was illegitimately divorced is also considered adultery (Matt 5:31–32; Matt 19:1–9).
d. Adultery is also used metaphorically to represent idolatry/false worship in the NT. (James 4:4)

5. Conclusion

a. Adultery is a violation of life’s most important relationship.
b. Adultery is the destruction of a marriage, which results in the destruction of a family, which inevitably will erode the foundation of a society.
c. Adultery is a demonstration of a lack of faithfulness to one’s commitments and to the well-being of his or her closest human relationship. Unfaithfulness in the closest of relationships destroys faithfulness and integrity in all relationships.
d. It is a sin against God himself and a violation of his holy purity. It should never be named among God’s holy people.

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“God’s Sovereign Mercy” (Romans 9:14–18)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, July 1, 2018

       14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all! 15 For he says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion." 16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God's mercy. 17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: "I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth." 18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden. (Rom. 9:14-18 NIV)

1. Who Is Being Elected and What Are They Being Elected To?

a. Is the election discussed in this passage corporate (peoples/nations) or individuals?
b. Is the election discussed in this passage temporal (within time for historical purposes) or eternal (unto salvation)?

2. If this passage is talking about the election of individuals unto eternal salvation, on what basis does he elect them?

a. Not ancestry (Abraham)
b. Not parentage (Isaac/Rebecca)
c. Not worthiness of position (older over younger) or normal human considerations
d. Not works or character (before Jacob and Esau were born and “not on the basis of works”)
e. Not on the basis of foreseen faith (“not of works” vs. “him who calls” not “by faith”)
f. It is based on the wise, loving, sovereign, eternal, electing purpose of God (“in order that God’s electing purpose might stand”).

3. If God elects individuals to eternal salvation unconditionally, purely on the basis of his wise and loving sovereign will, then how can God be righteous and just? Isn’t this unfair?

a. How do we determine the justice of God?
b. Isn’t God the author and exemplar of all justice?
c. Wouldn’t an appropriate definition of the justice of God have to begin with God himself and what he has said about his justice in his own Word? This is why Paul uses Scripture and the words of God in his answer to the potential objection about God’s justice.
d. Why would we think that we could determine what is just and fair?

4. God is just in his unconditional election of individuals to salvation, because it is consistent with the character and revelation of God himself.

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The Prophecy of Isaiah

“Isaiah’s Vision and Call” – Isaiah 6:1-13

Isaiah 6:1–13 (NIV)

6 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. And they were calling to one another:

“Holy, holy, holy is the Lord Almighty;

the whole earth is full of his glory.”

At the sound of their voices the doorposts and thresholds shook and the temple was filled with smoke.

“Woe to me!” I cried. “I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the Lord Almighty.”

Then one of the seraphim flew to me with a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with tongs from the altar. With it he touched my mouth and said, “See, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away and your sin atoned for.”

Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?”

And I said, “Here am I. Send me!”

He said, “Go and tell this people:

“ ‘Be ever hearing, but never understanding;

be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’

10 Make the heart of this people calloused;

make their ears dull

and close their eyes. 

Otherwise they might see with their eyes,

hear with their ears,

understand with their hearts,

and turn and be healed.”

11 Then I said, “For how long, Lord?”

And he answered:

“Until the cities lie ruined

and without inhabitant,

until the houses are left deserted

and the fields ruined and ravaged,

12 until the Lord has sent everyone far away

and the land is utterly forsaken.

13 And though a tenth remains in the land,

it will again be laid waste.

But as the terebinth and oak

leave stumps when they are cut down,

so the holy seed will be the stump in the land.”

 

Outline of Isaiah 6

  • “I Saw the Lord” – Isaiah’s Vision (verses 1-7)
  • “I Heard the Lord” – Isaiah’s Call and Commission” (verses 8-13)

“I Saw the Lord”

  • “I Saw the Lord” – Isaiah’s Vision (verses 1-7)
    • Isaiah’s Vision of God (1-4)
      • The Sovereignty of God (1-2)
      • The Holiness of God (3)
      • The Worship of God (4)
    • Isaiah’s Response to the Presence of God (5-7)
      • Conviction of Sin (5)
      • Cleansing from Sin (6-7)

“I Heard the Lord”

  • “I Heard the Lord” – Isaiah’s Call and Commission (verses 8–13)
    • The Lord’s Call (8)
    • Isaiah’s Obedient Response (8)
    • The People’s Callousness Hardened by the Word (9–10)
    • The People’s Judgment Confirmed (11-12)
    • Mercy in Judgment: A Remnant Will Remain (13)
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“Valuing Human Life” (Exodus 20:13)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday PM, June 24, 2018

"You shall not murder. (Exod. 20:13 NIV)

1) The Giver of the Commandment

2) The Reason for the Commandment

3) The Meaning of the Commandment

4) The Exceptions to the Commandment (or Its Wrong Applications)

5) The Extension of the Commandment (or Its Appropriate Applications)

Main Idea: The Sixth commandment is a prohibition against the unlawful taking of a human life, but merely refraining from killing another human being is not our full obedience to this command. This command requires love for our fellow man that abstains not only from physical violence but also anger and malice toward one another.

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“God’s Electing Purpose” (Romans 9:10–13)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, June 24, 2018

Romans 9:6–13 (NIV)
       6 It is not as though God’s word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel. 7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”  8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring. 9 For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.” 
       10 Not only that, but Rebekah’s children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac. 11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand: 12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”  13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” 

1. Israel Not Israel

2. Promise Not Parents

3. God’s Power Not Human Plans

4. Grace Not Worthiness

a. Not the worthiness of ancestry
b. Not the worthiness of position
c. Not the worthiness of good works
d. Not the worthiness of future faith

5. God’s Electing Purpose Not Anything Else!

God’s Purpose:

a. Originates with God
b. Eternal and Unchangeable
c. Predestined and Settled
d. All-encompassing and Universal
e. Operates by Grace not Merit
f. Works in Concert with Election
g. Issues in a Gracious, Effectual Calling

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“God, the Righteous Father” (Psalm 146)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, June 17, 2018 (Fathers’ Day)

Psalm 146 (NIV)

1Praise the Lord. Praise the Lord, my soul. 2I will praise the Lord all my life; I will sing praise to my God as long as I live. 3Do not put your trust in princes, in human beings, who cannot save. 4When their spirit departs, they return to the ground; on that very day their plans come to nothing. 5Blessed are those whose help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is in the Lord their God. 6He is the Maker of heaven and earth, the sea, and everything in them— he remains faithful forever. 7He upholds the cause of the oppressed and gives food to the hungry. The Lord sets prisoners free, 8the Lord gives sight to the blind, the Lord lifts up those who are bowed down, the Lord loves the righteous. 9The Lord watches over the foreigner and sustains the fatherless and the widow, but he frustrates the ways of the wicked. 10The Lord reigns forever, your God, O Zion, for all generations. Praise the Lord.

1. A Father Worthy of Praise

a. Communal Praise (“Praise the Lord” – Plural Imperative)
b. Personal Praise (“Praise the Lord, my soul.” – Singular Imperative)
c. Enduring Praise (“All my life”… “As long as I live.”

2. A Father You Can Depend On

a. The frustrating situation of those who depend on human strength:

i. The illusion of human power and influence (even of princes).
ii. The frailty of mortal human beings.
iii. The disappointment of unfulfilled plans and promises.

b. The blessed situation of those who depend on God their Father:

i. The certainty of Divine power.
ii. The endurance of the eternal.
iii. The hope of unfailing plans and promises.

3. A Father Who Does What Is Right

a. Upholding justice for the oppressed.
b. Demonstrating compassion for the afflicted.
c. Offering love to the righteous.

4. A Father to the Fatherless

a. A gracious host to the foreigner.
b. A father to the fatherless.
c. A husband to the widow.
d. A just judge to the wicked.

5. A Father Who Lives Forever

a. A never-ending life.
b. A never-ending kingdom.

Main Idea: The Lord is a Father worthy of praise because he is a father you can depend on, one who always does what is right, serving as a father to the fatherless, forever and ever.

Isaac Watts:

I'll praise my Maker while I've breath;
and when my voice is lost in death,
praise shall employ my nobler powers.
My days of praise shall ne'er be past
while life and thought and being last,
or immortality endures.

How happy they whose hopes rely
on Israel's God, who made the sky
and earth and seas with all their train;
whose truth forever stands secure,
who saves the oppressed
and feeds the poor,
and none shall find God's promise vain.

The Lord pours eyesight on the blind;
the Lord supports the fainting mind
and sends the laboring conscience peace.
God helps the stranger in distress,
the widowed and the parentless,
and grants the prisoner sweet release.

I'll praise my Maker while I've breath;
and when my voice is lost in death,
praise shall employ my nobler powers.
My days of praise shall ne'er be past
while life and thought and being last,
or immortality endures.

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“The Lord’s Vineyard”
Isaiah 5:1–30

1. A Song about a Vineyard (5:1-7)

a. The song’s characters

1) The singer: Isaiah, the Prophet
2) The vineyard owner: the Lord
3) The vineyard: Israel/Judah

b. The Song’s Meaning

1) The Lord created and owns the vineyard (Israel/Judah) (v. 1)

Isaiah 5:1 I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside.

2) The Lord expended great care and effort in planting the vineyard (Israel/Judah) (v. 2)

Isaiah 5:2 He dug it up and cleared it of stones and planted it with the choicest vines. He built a watchtower in it and cut out a winepress as well. Then he looked for a crop of good grapes, but it yielded only bad fruit.

3) The Lord intended to reap a harvest of good fruit (righteousness and justice) from the vineyard (Israel/Judah) (vv. 3–4, 7)

Isaiah 5:3 “Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and people of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard.
Isaiah 5:4 What more could have been done for my vineyard than I have done for it? When I looked for good grapes, why did it yield only bad?
Isaiah 5:7 The vineyard of the Lord Almighty is the nation of Israel, and the people of Judah are the vines he delighted in. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.

4) Instead, he received only bitter fruit (distress, bloodshed) from his vineyard (Israel/Judah). (4, 7)
5) The Lord will leave his vineyard (Israel/Judah) to be devastated by the elements (enemies) (vv. 5-6)

Isaiah 5:5 Now I will tell you what I am going to do to my vineyard: I will take away its hedge, and it will be destroyed; I will break down its wall, and it will be trampled.
Isaiah 5:6 I will make it a wasteland, neither pruned nor cultivated, and briers and thorns will grow there. I will command the clouds not to rain on it.”

2. The Vineyard’s Harvest of Bitter Fruit (5:8-24)

a. Oppressive Landowners (8-10)1

Isaiah 5:8 Woe to you who add house to house and join field to field till no space is left and you live alone in the land.
Isaiah 5:9 The Lord Almighty has declared in my hearing: “Surely the great houses will become desolate, the fine mansions left without occupants.
Isaiah 5:10 A ten-acre vineyard will produce only a bath of wine; a homer of seed will yield only an ephah of grain.”

b. Pursuers of Drunken Revelry (11-12)

Isaiah 5:11 Woe to those who rise early in the morning to run after their drinks, who stay up late at night till they are inflamed with wine.
Isaiah 5:12 They have harps and lyres at their banquets, pipes and timbrels and wine, but they have no regard for the deeds of the Lord, no respect for the work of his hands.

c. God Testers (18-19)

Isaiah 5:18 Woe to those who draw sin along with cords of deceit, and wickedness as with cart ropes,
Isaiah 5:19 to those who say, “Let God hurry; let him hasten his work so we may see it. The plan of the Holy One of Israel— let it approach, let it come into view, so we may know it.”

d. The Morally Twisted (20)

Isaiah 5:20 Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.

e. The Self-Exalted (21)

Isaiah 5:21 Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes and clever in their own sight.

f. The Immoral Opportunists (22-23)

Isaiah 5:22 Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine and champions at mixing drinks,
Isaiah 5:23 who acquit the guilty for a bribe, but deny justice to the innocent.

3. The Destruction of the Vineyard (13-17, 24-30)

a. Appropriate judgment: loss of land, hunger, thirst (13)

Isaiah 5:13 Therefore my people will go into exile for lack of understanding; those of high rank will die of hunger and the common people will be parched with thirst.

b. Total judgment in divine action: death, humbling, ruination (14–17)

Isaiah 5:14 Therefore Death expands its jaws, opening wide its mouth; into it will descend their nobles and masses with all their brawlers and revelers.
Isaiah 5:15 So people will be brought low and everyone humbled, the eyes of the arrogant humbled.
Isaiah 5:16 But the Lord Almighty will be exalted by his justice, and the holy God will be proved holy by his righteous acts.
Isaiah 5:17 Then sheep will graze as in their own pasture; lambs will feed among the ruins of the rich.

c. Appropriate judgment: speedy disaster (24a) repays the call for the Lord to hasten (19); acquiescing in sin (18, 20) issues in helpless collapse into judgment (24bcd)

Isaiah 5:24 Therefore, as tongues of fire lick up straw and as dry grass sinks down in the flames, so their roots will decay and their flowers blow away like dust; for they have rejected the law of the Lord Almighty and spurned the word of the Holy One of Israel.

d. Total judgment: The Lord summons the invincible foe (Assyria) (25–30)

Isaiah 5:25 Therefore the Lord’s anger burns against his people; his hand is raised and he strikes them down. The mountains shake, and the dead bodies are like refuse in the streets. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.
Isaiah 5:26 He lifts up a banner for the distant nations, he whistles for those at the ends of the earth. Here they come, swiftly and speedily!
Isaiah 5:27 Not one of them grows tired or stumbles, not one slumbers or sleeps; not a belt is loosened at the waist, not a sandal strap is broken.
Isaiah 5:28 Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses’ hooves seem like flint, their chariot wheels like a whirlwind.
Isaiah 5:29 Their roar is like that of the lion, they roar like young lions; they growl as they seize their prey and carry it off with no one to rescue.
Isaiah 5:30 In that day they will roar over it like the roaring of the sea. And if one looks at the land, there is only darkness and distress; even the sun will be darkened by clouds.

 

1 The subpoints for verses 8-23 come from Bryan E. Beyer, Encountering the Book of Isaiah.

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“No Stone Left Unturned” (1 Samuel 7:1–14)
Venlon Bradford (Pastor of Old Union Baptist Church, Bear Creek, AL)
Sunday PM, June 10, 2018

Ebenezer – A Stone of Help

1 Samuel 7:1–14 (KJV)

And the men of Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched up the ark of the Lord, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the Lord.

And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjath-jearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord. And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the Lord with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim and Ashtaroth, and served the Lord only. And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the Lord. And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh. And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines. And the children of Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to cry unto the Lord our God for us, that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines. And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the Lord: and Samuel cried unto the Lord for Israel; and the Lord heard him. 10 And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel: but the Lord thundered with a great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited them; and they were smitten before Israel. 11 And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued the Philistines, and smote them, until they came under Beth-car. 12 Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Eben-ezer, saying, Hitherto hath the Lord helped us. 13 So the Philistines were subdued, and they came no more into the coast of Israel: and the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel. 14 And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites.

Main Idea: When it comes to the spiritual welfare of his people, God leaves no stone unturned.

1.    A Cleaning Up (vv. 1–6).
2.    A Looking Up (vv. 7–8).
3.    An Offering Up (vv. 9–11).
4.    A Setting Up (v. 12).
5.    The Outcome of It All (vv. 13–14).

 

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"The Perfect Work of a Perfect Savior" (Philippians 1:6)
Venlon Bradford (Pastor of Old Union Baptist Church, Bear Creek, AL)
Sunday AM, June 10, 2018

1. Commencement: The Work of Grace Commenced

KJV Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

2. Continuation: The Work of Grace Continued

KJV Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

3. Completion: The Work of Grace Completed

KJV Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.

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“Honoring Authority” (Exodus 20:12)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
June 3, 2018 Sunday PM

Exodus 20:12

"Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you."

1. Who is this command addressed to?

2. What does this command mean?

3. What is the promise associated with this command?

4. What does the NT say about this command?

5. How should we apply this command?

Main Idea: “As Christians, we must honor God by honoring the authorities he has providentially placed in our lives.”

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“Who Is the True Israel?” (Romans 9:6–9)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, June 3, 2018

Romans 9:6–9 (NIV)
6 It is not as though God’s word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel. 7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”  8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring. 9 For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.” 

1. An unexpected turn of events: Gentiles are being saved, but most Jews are rejecting their Messiah.

2. The problem of God's faithfulness: has God reneged on his Word?

3. The solution to the perceived problem of God’s faithfulness is a proper understanding of God's ways of grace: not all who are Israel are Israel.

4. The historical illustration of God's ways of grace: the promised seed is through Isaac not Ishmael. There are physical descendants who are not spiritual children.

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“Curse Me; Save Them!” (Romans 9:1–5)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, May 27, 2018

Romans 9:1–5 (NIV)
9 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit—2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises. 5 Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised!  Amen.

1. Paul has a personal concern for the Israelite people.

a. Paul’s personal concern is accompanied by intense emotion.
b. Paul’s personal concern is accompanied by a willingness to engage the greatest sacrifice.
c. Paul’s personal concern is rooted in his kinship with the Jewish people.

2. Paul has a historical concern for the Israelite people.

a. The Jewish people have a long history of relationship with the one true God.
b. The Jewish people have been the beneficiaries of God’s unconditional grace and blessings.

i. The adoption to sonship
ii. The divine glory
iii. The covenants
iv. The receiving of the Law
v. The temple worship
vi. The promises
vii. The patriarchs
viii. The genealogical lineage of the Messiah

3. Paul has a theological concern for the Israelite people.

a. These blessings were a gift of God’s sovereign grace, has he abandoned his grace toward Israel?
b. Can God renege on his electing grace, his covenantal oath, or his promises?
c. What are the advantages of having these privileges if they can still ultimately be lost?
d. Paul’s theological concern is also Christological: this Messiah, Jesus, who can trace his ancestry through the Jewish people, is also himself God.

4. Paul has a soteriological concern for the Israelite people.

a. Paul’s overriding concern throughout Romans 9–11 is salvation, specifically, the salvation of the Jewish people, the descendants of Abraham.
b. Paul was willing to be cursed for his own people that they might be saved, but…
c. There is one who has already been cursed for the salvation of God’s people…

i. Isaac could not be sacrificed for Abraham.
ii. Moses could not sacrifice himself for the Jewish people.
iii. Paul could not sacrifice himself for the Jewish people.
iv. There is only one sacrifice for the Jewish people and for all the peoples of the world: Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, the Son of God.

Main Idea: Paul’s intense concern for the salvation of the Israelite people is rooted in his love for them and in his desire for the magnification of the glory of God. Those concerns are exactly what should motivate us to have intense concern for the salvation of the lost: our love for them as human beings, as our own people, our own family, our friends, but even more importantly the magnification of the glory of God.

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The Ideal Jerusalem, Lost and Found (Isaiah 2:1–4:6)1

1. The Heading (2:1)

1 This is what Isaiah son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem: (Isaiah 2:1, NIV)

2. The Ideal Jerusalem: The Great ‘Might Have Been’ (2:2–4)

2 In the last days the mountain of the Lord’s temple will be established as the highest of the mountains; it will be exalted above the hills, and all nations will stream to it. 3 Many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the temple of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.” The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 4 He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. (Isaiah 2:2–4, NIV)

a. The Lord’s Temple (v. 2)2

b. The Lord’s People and His Word (v. 3)

c. The Lord’s Peace (v. 4) 

3. The Actual Jerusalem: The House of Jacob Forsaken (2:5–4:1)3

a. Trusting in Mankind (2:5–22)

i. Full, but Empty (2:5–11)

5 Come, descendants of Jacob, let us walk in the light of the Lord. 6 You, Lord, have abandoned your people, the descendants of Jacob. They are full of superstitions from the East; they practice divination like the Philistines and embrace pagan customs. 7 Their land is full of silver and gold; there is no end to their treasures. Their land is full of horses; there is no end to their chariots. 8 Their land is full of idols; they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their fingers have made. 9 So people will be brought low and everyone humbled— do not forgive them. 10 Go into the rocks, hide in the ground from the fearful presence of the Lord and the splendor of his majesty! 11 The eyes of the arrogant will be humbled and human pride brought low; the Lord alone will be exalted in that day. (Isaiah 2:5–11, NIV)

ii. High, but Low (2:12–18)

12 The Lord Almighty has a day in store for all the proud and lofty, for all that is exalted (and they will be humbled), 13 for all the cedars of Lebanon, tall and lofty, and all the oaks of Bashan, 14 for all the towering mountains and all the high hills, 15 for every lofty tower and every fortified wall, 16 for every trading ship and every stately vessel. 17 The arrogance of man will be brought low and human pride humbled; the Lord alone will be exalted in that day, 18 and the idols will totally disappear. (Isaiah 2:12–18, NIV)

iii. Reduced to the Caves (2:19–22)

19 People will flee to caves in the rocks and to holes in the ground from the fearful presence of the Lord and the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth. 20 In that day people will throw away to the moles and bats their idols of silver and idols of gold, which they made to worship. 21 They will flee to caverns in the rocks and to the overhanging crags from the fearful presence of the Lord and the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth. 22 Stop trusting in mere humans, who have but a breath in their nostrils. Why hold them in esteem? (Isaiah 2:19–22, NIV)

b. The Folly of Human Dependence (3:1–4:1)

i. Boys for Men (3:1–7)

1 See now, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, is about to take from Jerusalem and Judah both supply and support: all supplies of food and all supplies of water, 2 the hero and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder, 3 the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor, skilled craftsman and clever enchanter. 4 “I will make mere youths their officials; children will rule over them.” 5 People will oppress each other— man against man, neighbor against neighbor. The young will rise up against the old, the nobody against the honored. 6 A man will seize one of his brothers in his father’s house, and say, “You have a cloak, you be our leader; take charge of this heap of ruins!” 7 But in that day he will cry out, “I have no remedy. I have no food or clothing in my house; do not make me the leader of the people.” (Isaiah 3:1–7, NIV)

ii. Plunderers for Leaders (3:8–15)

8 Jerusalem staggers, Judah is falling; their words and deeds are against the Lord, defying his glorious presence. 9 The look on their faces testifies against them; they parade their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to them! They have brought disaster upon themselves. 10 Tell the righteous it will be well with them, for they will enjoy the fruit of their deeds. 11 Woe to the wicked! Disaster is upon them! They will be paid back for what their hands have done. 12 Youths oppress my people, women rule over them. My people, your guides lead you astray; they turn you from the path. 13 The Lord takes his place in court; he rises to judge the people. 14 The Lord enters into judgment against the elders and leaders of his people: “It is you who have ruined my vineyard; the plunder from the poor is in your houses. 15 What do you mean by crushing my people and grinding the faces of the poor?” declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty. (Isaiah 3:8–15, NIV)

iii. Shame for Beauty: The Humiliation of the Haughty Daughters of Jerusalem4 (3:16–4:1)

16 The Lord says, “The women of Zion are haughty, walking along with outstretched necks, flirting with their eyes, strutting along with swaying hips, with ornaments jingling on their ankles. 17 Therefore the Lord will bring sores on the heads of the women of Zion; the Lord will make their scalps bald.” 18 In that day the Lord will snatch away their finery: the bangles and headbands and crescent necklaces, 19 the earrings and bracelets and veils, 20 the headdresses and anklets and sashes, the perfume bottles and charms, 21 the signet rings and nose rings, 22 the fine robes and the capes and cloaks, the purses 23 and mirrors, and the linen garments and tiaras and shawls. 24 Instead of fragrance there will be a stench; instead of a sash, a rope; instead of well-dressed hair, baldness; instead of fine clothing, sackcloth; instead of beauty, branding. 25 Your men will fall by the sword, your warriors in battle. 26 The gates of Zion will lament and mourn; destitute, she will sit on the ground. 1 In that day seven women will take hold of one man and say, “We will eat our own food and provide our own clothes; only let us be called by your name. Take away our disgrace!” (Isaiah 3:16–4:1, NIV)

4. The New Jerusalem: The Greatness that Is ‘Yet to Be’ (4:2–6)

2 In that day the Branch of the Lord will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel. 3 Those who are left in Zion, who remain in Jerusalem, will be called holy, all who are recorded among the living in Jerusalem. 4 The Lord will wash away the filth of the women of Zion; he will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by a spirit of judgment and a spirit of fire. 5 Then the Lord will create over all of Mount Zion and over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night; over everything the glory will be a canopy. 6 It will be a shelter and shade from the heat of the day, and a refuge and hiding place from the storm and rain. (Isaiah 4:2–6, NIV)

a. The Branch (v. 2)5 

b. The Lord’s Cleansing and Protection (vv. 3–6)

Notes:
1 The main structure of this outline is derived from J. Alec Motyer’s two commentaries on Isaiah.
2 See Bryan E. Beyer, Encountering the Book of Isaiah for these subpoints.
3 See. John N. Oswalt, Isaiah (NICOT) for point 3 and subpoints.
4NIV Zondervan Study Bible.
5 See Bryan E. Beyer, Encountering the Book of Isaiah for these subpoints.

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“Believing, Loving, Working, Persevering” (2 Thessalonians 1:3–12)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, May 20, 2018 (Senior Saints Day and Honoring Graduates)

2 Thessalonians 1:3–12 (NIV)
     3 We ought always to thank God for you, brothers and sisters, and rightly so, because your faith is growing more and more, and the love all of you have for one another is increasing. 4 Therefore, among God’s churches we boast about your perseverance and faith in all the persecutions and trials you are enduring.
     5 All this is evidence that God’s judgment is right, and as a result you will be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are suffering. 6 God is just: He will pay back trouble to those who trouble you 7 and give relief to you who are troubled, and to us as well. This will happen when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing fire with his powerful angels. 8 He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 9 They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might 10 on the day he comes to be glorified in his holy people and to be marveled at among all those who have believed. This includes you, because you believed our testimony to you.
     11 With this in mind, we constantly pray for you, that our God may make you worthy of his calling, and that by his power he may bring to fruition your every desire for goodness and your every deed prompted by faith. 12 We pray this so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

1. Believing (vv. 3–4)

a. Cause for thanksgiving (v. 3)
b. Evident to all (v. 3)
c. Growing more and more (v. 3)
d. Worthy of imitation (v. 4)

2. Loving (v. 3)

a. Love for one another rooted in faith (v. 3)
b. Increasing love for one another (v. 3)

3. Working (vv. 11–12)

a. Living worthy of God’s calling by his grace (v. 11)
b. God may bring to fruition by his power: (v. 11)

i. Your every desire for goodness
ii. Your every deed prompted by faith.

c. For the glory of the name of Jesus (v. 12)
d. So that you may be glorified in him (v. 12)
e. All Christian work is through faith and accomplished by the grace of God (v. 12).

4. Persevering (vv. 3–10)

a. Growing faith is tested through trial but perseveres (vv. 3–4).
b. Growing faith produces love for one another that endures through trials (vv. 3–4).
c. Growing faith continues to do good works in the face of persecution and trial (vv. 11–12).
d. Growing faith trusts God to make all things right on the last day (vv. 5–10):

i. To reward his children with his eternal kingdom (v. 5).
ii. To comfort and give relief to his suffering children (v. 7)
iii. To justly dispense justice to wrongdoers (v. 5–6, 8–9)
iv. This will all happen on the day of Christ’s return, so we must continue to endure in faith, love, and good deeds—even in the face of intense persecution and trials.

Main Idea: This is Paul’s prayer, and it is mine for us today as well: that we would be the people of Christ characterized by growing faith, increasing love, good desires and deeds, and enduring perseverance in trial. These are the marks of Christ’s people; may they be evident in us.

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Isaiah Chapter 1: The Failure of God’s People

Title (1:1)

1 The vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah son of Amoz saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. (Isaiah 1:1, NIV)

Isaiah’s Opening Words to God’s People (1:2–31)**

1) God’s Witnesses against the People (1:2–3)

2 Hear me, you heavens! Listen, earth! For the Lord has spoken: “I reared children and brought them up, but they have rebelled against me. 3 The ox knows its master, the donkey its owner’s manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.” (Isaiah 1:2–3, NIV)

2) God’s Description of the People (1:4–9)

a) The People (1:4–6)

4 Woe to the sinful nation, a people whose guilt is great, a brood of evildoers, children given to corruption! They have forsaken the Lord; they have spurned the Holy One of Israel and turned their backs on him. 5 Why should you be beaten anymore? Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted. 6 From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness— only wounds and welts and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with olive oil. (Isaiah 1:4–6, NIV)

b) The Land (1:7–9)

7 Your country is desolate, your cities burned with fire; your fields are being stripped by foreigners right before you, laid waste as when overthrown by strangers. 8 Daughter Zion is left like a shelter in a vineyard, like a hut in a cucumber field, like a city under siege. 9 Unless the Lord Almighty had left us some survivors, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah. (Isaiah 1:7–9, NIV)

3) God’s Indictment of the People (1:10–15)

a) The Situation (1:10–14)

10 Hear the word of the Lord, you rulers of Sodom; listen to the instruction of our God, you people of Gomorrah! 11 “The multitude of your sacrifices— what are they to me?” says the Lord. “I have more than enough of burnt offerings, of rams and the fat of fattened animals; I have no pleasure in the blood of bulls and lambs and goats. 12 When you come to appear before me, who has asked this of you, this trampling of my courts? 13 Stop bringing meaningless offerings! Your incense is detestable to me. New Moons, Sabbaths and convocations— I cannot bear your worthless assemblies. 14 Your New Moon feasts and your appointed festivals I hate with all my being. They have become a burden to me; I am weary of bearing them. (Isaiah 1:10–14, NIV)

b) The Result (1:15)

15 When you spread out your hands in prayer, I hide my eyes from you; even when you offer many prayers, I am not listening. Your hands are full of blood! (Isaiah 1:15, NIV)

4) God’s Solution for the People (1:16–20)

a) God’s Commands (1:16–17)

16 Wash and make yourselves clean. Take your evil deeds out of my sight; stop doing wrong. 17 Learn to do right; seek justice. Defend the oppressed. Take up the cause of the fatherless; plead the case of the widow. (Isaiah 1:16–17, NIV)

b) God’s Promises (1:18–20)

18 “Come now, let us settle the matter,” says the Lord. “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool. 19 If you are willing and obedient, you will eat the good things of the land; 20 but if you resist and rebel, you will be devoured by the sword.” For the mouth of the Lord has spoken. (Isaiah 1:18–20, NIV)

5) God’s Lament over the People (1:21–26)

a) Jerusalem’s Sinful Condition (1:21–23)

21 See how the faithful city has become a prostitute! She once was full of justice; righteousness used to dwell in her— but now murderers! 22 Your silver has become dross, your choice wine is diluted with water. 23 Your rulers are rebels, partners with thieves; they all love bribes and chase after gifts. They do not defend the cause of the fatherless; the widow’s case does not come before them. (Isaiah 1:21–23, NIV)

b) Jerusalem’s Coming Purge (1:24–26)

24 Therefore the Lord, the Lord Almighty, the Mighty One of Israel, declares: “Ah! I will vent my wrath on my foes and avenge myself on my enemies. 25 I will turn my hand against you; I will thoroughly purge away your dross and remove all your impurities. 26 I will restore your leaders as in days of old, your rulers as at the beginning. Afterward you will be called the City of Righteousness, the Faithful City.” (Isaiah 1:24–26, NIV)

6) God’s Promise to His People (1:27–31)

a) Blessing to the Repentant (1:27)

27 Zion will be delivered with justice, her penitent ones with righteousness. (Isaiah 1:27, NIV)

b) Judgment to Transgressors (1:28–31)

28 But rebels and sinners will both be broken, and those who forsake the Lord will perish. 29 “You will be ashamed because of the sacred oaks in which you have delighted; you will be disgraced because of the gardens that you have chosen. 30 You will be like an oak with fading leaves, like a garden without water. 31 The mighty man will become tinder and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the fire.” (Isaiah 1:28–31, NIV)

** The outline for this lesson is from Bryan E. Beyer, Encountering the Book of Isaiah: A Historical and Theological Survey, Encountering the Bible Series (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2007).

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“The Genesis of Motherhood” (Selections from Genesis 1–4)
Pastor Cameron Jungels
Eastside Baptist Church
Sunday AM, May 13, 2018

26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.” 27 So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” (Genesis 1:26–28, NIV)

1. The grand purpose of motherhood in God’s world.

2. The great pain of motherhood in a sin-cursed world.

16 To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” (Genesis 3:16, NIV)

3. The gracious privilege of motherhood in a sin-cursed world.

20 Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living. 21 The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them. (Genesis 3:20–21, NIV)

1 Adam made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. She said, “With the help of the Lord I have brought forth a man.” 2 Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. (Genesis 4:1–2, NIV)

25 Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, “God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.” 26 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh. At that time people began to call on the name of the Lord. (Genesis 4:25–26, NIV)

4. God’s gospel plan for motherhood to rescue a sin-cursed world.

15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” (Genesis 3:15, NIV)

1 The Lord had said to Abram, “Go from your country, your people and your father’s household to the land I will show you. 2 “I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” (Genesis 12:1–3, NIV)

4 “As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. 5 No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. 6 I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7 I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. (Genesis 17:4–7, NIV)

15 God also said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah. 16 I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.” (Genesis 17:15–16, NIV)

4 But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. (Galatians 4:4–5, NIV)

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